The peer-review process

Peer review is the evaluation of a job by one or more people with similar abilities as the producers of the job. It is a form of self-regulation by qualified members (peers) of a certain profession in a related field. Peer review methods are used to maintain quality standards, improve performance, and provide credibility. In academia, academic peer review is often used to determine whether an academic article is suitable for publication. Peer review can be classified according to the type of activity and the field or profession in which the activity takes place. 

Peer review is essential for the quality of published research. Your submitted article will be evaluated by at least two independent reviewers. Reviewers' comments will help the editor decide whether to accept or reject your article for publication. 

The double-blind peer-review process 

 In this model, the reviewer and author are anonymous. Some of the advantages of this model are listed below. 

 • The anonymity of the author limits the biases of the reviewers, for example, based on the author's gender, country of origin, academic status, or previous publication history. 
 • Articles written by well-known or well-known authors are considered based on the content of their work rather than reputation.

Objectives of the peer review process, reviewers look into

  • Scope: Is the article appropriate for this publication?

  • Novelty: Is this original material distinct from previous publications?

  • Validity: Is the study well designed and executed?

  • Data: Are the data reported, analysed, and interpreted correctly?

  • Clarity: Are the ideas expressed clearly, concisely, and logically?

  • Compliance: Are all ethical and journal requirements met?

  • Advancement: Is this a significant contribution to the field?